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In the book The Dynamic Human, it is argued by a group of researchers from the University of Adelaide that humans aren’t the brightest crayons in the box. Co-author and research fellow, Dr. Arthur Saniotis, said “For millennia, all kinds of authorities — from religion to eminent scholars — have been repeating the same idea ad nauseam, that humans are exceptional by virtue that they are the smartest in the animal kingdom. However, science tells us that animals can have cognitive faculties that are superior to human beings.”

How can this be?! No other animal can think or communicate like a human, so clearly no other species can match our intelligence!

Well, while humans, as a species, are pretty smart, it’s impossible for us to claim the title of “most intelligent” species. After all, we still have many questions left to answer about our own brains, before we can truly compare them to that of another organism.

While primates are often used in studies on animal intelligence because of their similarities to humans, cetaceans are frequently used as research subjects as well. Looking at the brain of a cetacean, it is clear that perhaps dolphins and whales are much more complex than previously thought. Behind the glass of our “favorite” marine-themed amusement parks (we’re looking at you, SeaWorld) lives a complex organism who may have more to think and even say than we tend to believe.

Cetacean Brains Are More Dynamic than You Probably ThinkThe Anatomical Record

Speech Production

The Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas of the cerebral cortex are located in separate lobes of the brain (frontal and temporal lobes, respectively), but they are connected by their function in speech production and language processing. Most people believe that a human’s ability to communicate is far more complex and evolved than that of other animals, but cetaceans may have us beat.

According to a comparison of cetacean to primate brains from Michigan State University, “They have the distinct advantage over us in that their primary sense is the same as their primary means of communication, both are auditory. With primates, the primary sense is visual and the primary means of communication is auditory.”

Communication is so great in cetaceans that there is a strong possibility they are able to project (yes … literally project) an “auditory image” that replicates a sonar message they may receive. The process is a bit confusing, but MSU describes it in this circumstance: “So a dolphin wishing to convey the image of a fish to another dolphin can literally send the image of a fish to the other animal. The equivalent of this in humans would be the ability to create instantaneous holographic pictures to convey images to other people.”

If they are in fact able to do this, there would have to be a natural tendency to break down stylized and abstracted images into words. Meaning, cetaceans, like people, use a series of signifiers to discern the exact objects they want to communicate about. We might say “tree” and think of a picture of a tree in our minds, but cetaceans can skip this step by simply projecting the image to other cetaceans.

Not fascinating enough? Well did you know that, with several sound producing organs, cetaceans are capable of conveying and receiving “20 times the amount of information as we can with our hearing”? This surpasses the amount of information we can perceive based on vision (a human’s primary sense).

Still Think Humans are the Most Intelligent Animals? Here's Why Whales and Dolphins Have us Beat

Emotions

Have you ever been so happy that you feel like you can conquer anything the world throws at ya? Well, you have the limbic system to thank for that. The limbic system is a combination of multiple structures in the brain that deal with emotions and the formation of memories. When it comes to comparing the limbic system of whales to that of humans, we may need to rethink our emotional awareness.

Lori Marino, a neurobiologist who helped co-write “The Declaration of Rights for Cetaceans,” finds the limbic system of whales to be the most intriguing part of their brains, as they may be more complex than our own. In her research of killer whales, she found that the limbic system of a whale is “so large it erupts into the cortex in the form of an extra paralimbic lobe.”

Since the lobe merges with the cortex, it is believed that the lobe may create a mixture of both emotional and cognitive thinking. The placement may also suggest that secrets about social communication and self-awareness may also be located in this part of the whale brain.

Still Think Humans are the Most Intelligent Animals? Here's Why Whales and Dolphins Have us Beat

Advanced Cognition

Specialized brain cells called spindle neurons are most often associated with an organism’s ability to “recognize, remember, reason, communicate, perceive, adapt to change, problem solve and understand.”

Though this “advanced ability” is most often associated with organisms that are deemed to be the most intelligent, (*cough* humans *cough*) the truth is that spindle neurons have been isolated in the brains of both whales and dolphins, which suggests that whales do a lot more thinking than previously thought.

Dolphins, for example, have been known to recognize themselves in mirrors, solve problems, follow recipes, and associate a part of their anatomy with that of a human’s (such as when a dolphin waves it’s fin whenever a trainer waves their arm). Recent studies even indicate that dolphins are capable of creating personalized whistles that act as names for individual members of a pod. With this name, dolphins are able to communicate more efficiently while roaming the open seas.

Still Think Humans are the Most Intelligent Animals? Here's Why Whales and Dolphins Have us Beat

Using Our Intelligence for Good

While it appears that cetaceans have incredible abilities to feel emotions, understand complex problems and communicate in ways we can’t even imagine, humans don’t seem to value this. Because we assume we are so smart, we put the other creatures of the world underneath us. Knowing how dynamic cetaceans are, keeping them in glorified bathtubs and forcing them to do tricks for food is insulting and cruel. Could you imagine the pain of living in a small room your entire life and having to do flips to be fed? Sounds like a miserable existence, doesn’t it?

It is far past time that we started to use our intelligence for good to help the plight of cetaceans. Boycotting inhumane establishments, like marine parks (and zoos and circuses), is the first step, but fighting to obtain personhood rights for cetaceans should be next. Check out the incredible work being done by the Nonhuman Rights Project to learn more. Share this post and help educate others about the incredible intelligence of cetaceans!

Graphics by Hannah Williams

Lead image source: Matthew Allen/Flickr

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45 comments on “Still Think Humans are the Most Intelligent Animals? Here’s Why Whales and Dolphins Have us Beat”

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joeblo
4 Months Ago

If a extinction event asteroid comes hurtling towards earth, are the dolphins going to be the ones to stop it?


Reply
William Wallace
4 Months Ago

I\'m fairly certain I am more intelligent than the author of this article and anyone who subscribes to the viewpoint of the author. For the record, I am a human being.


Reply
joeblo
07 Apr 2018

When a dolphin manages to reach the moon I will concede that they are at least on par with humans.

Briea
13 Apr 2018

Your comment is the same as a spider judging our intelligence on our ability to spin a web, or a bee comparing their intercommunication ability to ours (hint, theirs is superior), and so on. Just because a cetacean doesn\'t have a way to reach THE MOON and doesn\'t share the same skills as us doesn\'t mean they\'re of inferior intellect. We can only build cities because we have opposable thumbs to do it. We can\'t spin a web and an orca can\'t build a skyscraper- physical limitations doesn\'t mean a lack of intelligence, and different species have skillsets and their own brand of intelligence that is not beneath anothers, it\'s just simply different. And anyways, we can only reach the moon after building upon the experience of previous generations- there is no way a human left alone to themselves can take themselves to the moon. A human isn\'t inherently good at creating architectural feats or building a computer or even a rocket- the average human can barely work their own coffee maker without a user manual. Other animals are born with incredible skills that humans take for granted because "it\'s not our brand of intelligence." Humans judge the intelligence of other animals based on a primate\'s brain, in our arrogance we don\'t think of the superior abilities of a spider or a bee, we only think of what they CAN\'T do and what we CAN do. Even this article saying that cetaceans are hyper-intelligent is only building it off of evidence that consider *our brand* of intelligence and our most developed brain structures. Throw a human born in an urban environment into a wild setting and they probably won\'t last the week. Frankly humans are helpless and dumb without their society and hundreds-thousands years of previous generations of experience to lean on. And the opposable thumbs to write down that experience, of course. Give dolphins thumbs and they\'d most certainly humble humanity, IF they had any reason to pursue our obsessions with making cities and spaceships in the first place.

Briea
13 Apr 2018

My comment is in response to joeblo\'s comment, not so much the original comment.

Oscar
12 May 2018

+Briea

Well, I agree with the thumbs part but then you say its unfair because the average human is dumb and would not be able to do anything alone. But that is also true for the dolphins. And they might be better at communicating than us. So that argument really doesn\'t make any sense. Then you say that every species has different abilities. And I agree and our deal is that we are the most intelligent species on the planet. In fact, we are so intelligent that we can build machines that fly, spin a web and really do anything that we can\'t do. I think that makes us the most intelligent species. Also which other species have practically taken over the entire planet and has been to the highest mountain, deepest ocean and to both poles? Humans :)

Thomas N Binnall
21 Jul 2018

William, Consider humans create more problems than they solve. Nuclear weapons are certainly at the head of the list. I am not so presumptuous so as know more than I do, which often is the case in the human animal.

emperorjahrome
5 Months Ago

It comes down to conciousness? Do I think animals have conciousness despite our belief they do not. YES I 100% do think and believe animals possess concious ability. But do I think they\'re aware of such a thing or understand they\'re concious like we do, or that they have a sub-concious and a concious mind and can sit here and discuss this amonst themsleves and others. NO! They cannot.


Reply
emperorjahrome
5 Months Ago

Right because Dolphins and Whales can cook dinner, tidy up, invent technology in the first place, cure endless illnesses and diseases, space travel, drive cars, use building appliances, learn multiple languages like Spanish, Manderin, German and study in College?
I totally agree in many aspects they do have brain functions that exceed and some what exceed ours in some fields. But I absolutely disagree that any given species in any given genre is even remotely being anywhere near as close to intelligent as human beings are (on a mentally advanced scale) not even close whatsoever. Now if we are talking emotionally and environmentally intelligent then yes I think we are surely beaten here by virtually every species I mean we still have to rely on structures to keep us alive (aka buildings) but then again technically we don\'t need even technology our ancestors managed just fine without so then that answers an obvious quesiton. No they\'re not mentally more advanced than human beings (as dumb as we act sometimes, ok most of the time) we have every other species well and truly curbstomped!


Reply
Michael
7 Months Ago

How intelligent is a website that covers the readable part of the webpage with a block of coloured links (To Facebook,, whatever)??????


Reply
SIKE
8 Months Ago

If dolphins were smarter how come they can\'t still land on moon.


Reply
Sleekb
02 Jan 2018

lol

Briea
13 Apr 2018

Your comment is the same as a spider judging our intelligence on our ability to spin a web, or a bee comparing their intercommunication ability to ours (hint, theirs is superior), and so on. Just because a cetacean doesn\'t have a way to reach THE MOON and doesn\'t share the same skills as us doesn\'t mean they\'re of inferior intellect. We can only build cities because we have opposable thumbs to do it. We can\'t spin a web and an orca can\'t build a skyscraper- physical limitations doesn\'t mean a lack of intelligence, and different species have skillsets and their own brand of intelligence that is not beneath anothers, it\'s just simply different. And anyways, we can only reach the moon after building upon the experience of previous generations- there is no way a human left alone to themselves can take themselves to the moon. A human isn\'t inherently good at creating architectural feats or building a computer or even a rocket- the average human can barely work their own coffee maker without a user manual. Other animals are born with incredible skills that humans take for granted because "it\'s not our brand of intelligence." Humans judge the intelligence of other animals based on a primate\'s brain, in our arrogance we don\'t think of the superior abilities of a spider or a bee, we only think of what they CAN\'T do and what we CAN do. Even this article saying that cetaceans are hyper-intelligent is only building it off of evidence that consider *our brand* of intelligence and our most developed brain structures. Throw a human born in an urban environment into a wild setting and they probably won\'t last the week. Frankly humans are helpless and dumb without their society and hundreds-thousands years of previous generations of experience to lean on. And the opposable thumbs to write down that experience, of course. Give dolphins thumbs and they\'d most certainly humble humanity, IF they had any reason to pursue our obsessions with making cities and spaceships in the first place.

SIKE
8 Months Ago

Man this article is really moronic. Intelligence has nothing to do with morality.


Reply
malikmoor
8 Months Ago

hi


Reply
GreenSky
8 Months Ago

hi


Reply
James Oliver
9 Months Ago

Musc logical and convincing.

http://abacus-saturn-erp-users-email-lists.technologydataservices.com/


Reply


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