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When Cecil, the black-maned lion, was killed last year by an American big-game hunter in Zimbabwe, it sparked international outrage and left us all questioning the practice of trophy hunting. If anything good came out of his tragic death, however, it was awareness. Cecil’s death brought attention to the plight of big cats not only in Africa but also in the United States. It’s hard to believe but trophy hunting is a huge problem in the U.S. and it’s not getting any better, we’re sorry to say. According to a recent report by the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), trophy hunters have killed over 29,000 mountain lions in the U.S. in the last decade and an additional 2,700 were killed and traded internationally.

Also known as a cougar and puma, the mountain lion is the second largest cat in America. Sadly, they’ve been a target for trophy hunters which, though leaves them still of least concern on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List, has significantly dented their numbers. In fact, more lions are being shot today by hunters than were killed during America’s bounty period when residents were paid for helping eliminate unwanted species; and quotas continue to be increased every single year. Several states have lax laws on hunting mountain lions because politicians say they are dangerous to human safety, however, these animals are hardly more of a threat to us than any other wild animal. Their existence is a critical factor in our overall ecosystem as they help to keep deer populations in check. Mountain lions keep deer herds on the move so that they do not overgraze in any particular area. This behavioral change results in less erosion along riverbanks and increases habitat for other species like songbirds.

Despite their importance, mountain lions are killed in some of the most brutal ways, all for the sake of prize and power. Hounding and trapping are the two most common methods of killing. Hounding involves hunters using packs of dogs to chase lions until they retreat into a tree and can be easily shot and trapping involves lions being caught in leg traps and then dying from injuries or starvation.

While it’s a national problem, data from the report shows five states in America that are particularly deadly for the mountain lion:


Of the five, Idaho is ranked the worst state in the United States for mountain lions. A whopping 4,833 mountain lions were killed by trophy hunters in Idaho from 2005 to 2014, according to the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) and Humane Society International (HSI). Hounding is the hunting method used in this state.  While Idaho refuses to make any official estimate on the number of mountain lions living within the state, most likely to avoid public scrutiny and following criticism of their staggeringly high annual hunting quotas, it’s estimated that the number is less than 2,000. However, information is still limited and there’s a high chance that number could be a lot lower.


With 4,047 mountain lion killings during a 10-year period, Montana is another unfortunate state for big cats. This state allows over 500 lions to be killed each year by hunters and it also has a zero tolerance policy for big cats who enter residential areas. Even if they show no signs of aggression, Montana’s Fish, Wildlife and Parks (FWP) will shoot any wandering predator that enters towns or cities and hundreds of them being killed annually, With mountain lions populations at an all time low, the state could potentially lose this majestic species.


Residents of Colorado may live in fear of being attacked by a mountain lion while trekking a trail but in reality, the chance of that happening is slim. In fact, there have only been 20 fatal mountain lion attacks in all of North America since 1890, three of which were in Colorado. Mountain lions, on the other hand, are constantly on the other end of a hunter’s rifle. In fact, it’s estimated that in a time period of 10 years, 3,414 mountain lions have been killed by trophy hunters in Colorado.


Wildlife officials of the Utah state estimate their local mountain lion population to be around 4,500 but many conservation groups believe the count is much lower. Considering 3,200 mountain lions are reported to have been killed within 10 years in Utah, it’s not convincing that the state still retains a high population of big cats. You only have to look at their management plan to know how lenient the state is on hunting.

“Utah, in their management plan, said that it was OK to hunt between 20 and 30 percent of the entire mountain lion population, but it’s so out of balance,” said Wendy Keefover, carnivore protection manager of HSUS. “Some of the best available science is saying no more than 14 percent.”


It may be at the bottom of the list but with 2,893 mountain lion deaths from 2005 to 2014, Arizona still stands as a major concern for mountain lions. The Arizona Game and Fish Department claim the state’s population of around 2,500, but experts say this statistic is largely inaccurate. “Arizona allows just basically unlimited persecution in some of the game-management units, a year-round season, multiple bag limits and things like that,” Keefover said.

How You Can Help

Until Cecil was killed, few were aware of how widespread trophy hunting is. And even less seemed to realize how common trophy hunting is in the United States. Trophy hunting is about killing the biggest, rarest and most exotic animal and, unfortunately, America’s mountain lions have long been a target of big-game hunters.

The goods news is that, according to a recent nationwide poll, 86 percent of Americans disapprove of trophy hunting, which means we can all pull together to put an end to this bloody and barbaric sport.

There are numerous ways you can help in the bid to stop trophy hunting:

  • Ask UPS to ban the transport of wild animal trophies.
  • Sign this letter urging major airlines to end the shipping of Big Five trophies.
  • Educate your family and friends about the cruelty of trophy hunts by sharing this article.

And if you live near mountain lion habitat, here are some precautions you can take to prevent conflicts:

  • Store your trash in secure containers.
  • Don’t leave pet food outside.
  • Don’t feed deer – it may attract lions.
  • Keep vegetation around your home trimmed to avoid providing a hiding place for lions.

Lead image source: wplynn/Flickr 

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46 comments on “Are We Saying Farewell to America’s Mountain Lion? 5 Worst States For the Cougar”

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bijoy mishra
8 Months Ago

American people are stupidest people in the animal world. Killing of wildlife for money and joy in a diminishing world is most horrible thing to world environment. Not only in their country but also they held responsible of wildlife disaster all over the world mostly African countries. And for that the world wildlife is going to be totally unstable in near future.

1 Years Ago

You guys don\'t need to worry so much about this. The North American model of wildlife conservation actually works really well. And, regardless on your feelings about hunting, conservation in North America is funded by it. Almost exclusively, in fact, through things like license sales and the Pittman Robertson act.

Trophy hunters often eat what they kill, Including lions believe it or not. Aside from trichinosis risk (which can be mitigated by proper cooking), there\'s nothing that weird about it.

Trophy hunters, by virtue of pursuing large, mature animals, are also pursuing old animals that are in all likelyhood out of the breeding cycle, or will die of old age in short order. The longest a mule deer could expect to live in the wild is about 8 years for instance. Trophy hunters are almost exclusively pursuing six year old plus animals. And they are also eating them. Because they have to. Wanton waste laws prevent shooting an animal, taking its head, and leaving the meat. Anyone who does that is a poacher. And no one hates poachers more than honest hunters.

The people you call "Trophy hunters" are literally the only reason that in my life I have ever seen a wild turkey. If they hadn\'t made the effort to reintroduce them they would\'ve gone extinct four decades before I was born. They are also the only reason I\'ve ever laid eyes on an elk east of the Mississippi river, or a Bighorn in Southern California. Hunters are passionate about retaining wildlife into the future.

The other silly thing is that the top two states you listed as worst for cougars are two of the only states in the continental US with a full suite of megafauna. Idaho and Montana both have Grizzlies, Wolves, Cougars, Elk, and every other living species that was there at the time of European contact. This is not an accident. This is due to wise state management of wildlife, a hige portion of which involves hunter conservationists. Those two states are some of the best states for cougars. Regardless of what anyone who doesn\'t take the time to do informed research thinks, states have to base tag quotas on population counts. Biologists are in charge of this.

Compare the amount of species Montana still has to California, a state where cougar hunting is banned. California only has grizzlies on its flag. Bullets don\'t cause extinctions. Habitat loss does. Guess who wants habitat conserved? Hunters AND environmentalists.

The mountain lion is an extremely successful, adaptive species that is doing very well. It\'s numbers must be managed to keep other species populations healthy and the ecosystem at large. Mule deer, elk, etc.

And the unfortunate fact is that those numbers will be managed. In California the number of lions killed by the state each year is almost exactly the same as the number harvested by hunters when hunting was legal. Around 300. The only difference is that now taxpayers are supporting culling efforts that in no way support conservation. If hunters took the same number of lions each year, the proceeds from license and tags sales would be returning to state wildlife agencies and used for conservation.

All in all, attacking an extremely successful conservation model is silly. There are two places on the planet where wildlife numbers are better now than they were in 1920. That\'s the US and South Africa, Hunting is an integral part of both of those models.

I don\'t expect anyone to read this, but environmentalists and hunters should be working hand in hand to prevent the REAL threat to North American wildlife, which is the loss of large tracts of public wilderness areas to for profit private interests.

This piece was clearly written by someone with a less than nuanced understanding of conservation. Willful ignorance isn\'t gonna do anything to save cougars or wolves or elk or anything else.


A hunter who would like his grandchildren to still have wolves and cougars and elk to look at and interact with and who actually funds and plays a part in conservation.

Wendy Szucs
2 Years Ago

Killers soon nothing will be left

Wendy Szucs
2 Years Ago

Killers soon nothing will be left

Val Barnett Harris
2 Years Ago

Americans are the worst hunters in the world, at least this time they are killing their own wild life! Sad but true.

Trixie Joven
2 Years Ago

Go America! Destroy your wildlife for profit! One day you and your children. And your children's children will realize. Money cannot be drank or eaten. Money is not air.

Kristal Roebuck
2 Years Ago

No. No we are not saying goodbye to the mountain lion.

Michael Balt
2 Years Ago

Let's just kill the chicken shit poochers and save the Cougars. I'm sure we can get along with less poachers and a few more cougars.

Jeannie Endrizzi
2 Years Ago

How very sad and evil. I hope they all survive.

Kathleen Wilhide Herman
2 Years Ago

They are very beautiful animals. Man kills everything they can.


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