Welcome Green Monsters! We're your online guide to making conscious choices that help people, animals and the planet.
Download food monster: the biggest, baddest, yummiest vegan food app!
Buy the #EatForThePlanet book



The use of elephants in the tourism industry has become incredibly popular. Vacations boasting everything from a chance to ride on an elephant, to seeing them paint, or even getting a massage from an elephant have popped up all across Asia. While these might appear to be fun activities for you and your family, the reality is that the experience is anything but for the elephants.

Although elephants are incredibly intelligent and docile by nature, there is very little about the behaviors exhibited by captive elephants in the tourism industry that is natural. To get these wild animals to interact with humans, they must undergo an extraordinarily cruel breaking process, called “Phajaan,” that renders them submissive to their human trainers.

Breaking Baby Elephants

Baby elephants are taken from their mothers at a very young age, usually three to six years old, but often younger. After a young elephant is in the captivity of its handlers, the aim of the Phajaan program is to break its spirit. Babies will be kept in small crates similar to those found in the intensive pig farming industry. Their feet will be tied with ropes, their limbs will be stretched, they will be repeatedly beaten with sharp metal and other tools, they will be constantly yelled and screamed at, and they will be starved of food. Bull hooks (a tool used in most forms of elephant control) will be used to stab the head, slash the skin and tug the ears.

The next time you see an Asian elephant used in trekking, elephant rides, movies, in a circus or any other form of entertainment, take a look at the state of its ears. Captive elephants often have shredded or torn ears from their tissue being ripped and pulled away in the training process. They also often have scars on their foreheads from deep lacerations caused by beatings.

Ropes are used to tie and stretch the elephant’s limbs, these will eventually be replaced with tight, constricting chains. The Phajaan may last for weeks and they have no rest from physical torture and mental domination. Gradually, their spirits break and their handlers achieve control.


The “Bond” Between Trainer and Elephant

Traditionally in Eastern Asia, a mahout will be sole charge of a single elephant. As a mahout ages, his elephant is passed down through his family line. An elephant’s mahout will not be involved in the physical abuse during Phajaan. In the final stage of the Phajaan, the elephant’s mahout will bring the animal its first meal with water, and will be the one to “release” the elephant and lead it away from the crate.

After weeks of torture, of mental and emotional abuse, of loneliness, confusion and separation, the elephant sees this human figure as its savior – the one it trusts. This is just another stage of mental and emotional manipulation, of course, but it is how a particular mahout gains such immense control over its animal.

This video illustrates the cruelty of this process. We will warn you, it is graphic.


What You Can Do

Getting the chance to interact with a baby elephant might seem like an incredible experience, but given the immense cruelty and abuse that that elephant has to endure for these interactions, is it really worth it? Asian elephants are highly endangered animals and are often targeted by poachers who capture them from the wild and sell them into the tourism industry. By visiting attractions that feature captive elephants and paying to ride or interact with one, you become complicit in this injustice.

We can all help to end this cruelty by boycotting tourism attractions that feature captive elephants. If you are headed to Thailand and want to experience elephants in a humane way, check out elephant sanctuaries like Elephant Nature Park or Boon Lott’s Elephant Sanctuary. These organizations are helping to spread the truth about the cruelty inherent in elephant tourism while providing a sanctuary for animals who have been rescued from such attractions.

But remember, these elephants would not need to be in sanctuaries if the elephant tourism industry existed, so please be a Green Monster, and share this knowledge with others so we can see the cruelty against elephants end, once and for all.

Image source: Martha de Jong-Lantink/Flickr

Want to read more posts like this? Sign up for our newsletter below!​

Browse through some recent posts below:

Report Finds If We Lose Forest Elephants, We’ll Be Making the Planet Far Less Inhabitable for People

5 Ways Factory Farming Is Killing the Environment

5 Ways Factory Farming is Killing the Environment

Why Eating Meat Is so Much More Than an Animal Rights Issue

Reasons Why Eating Meat is More Than an Animal Rights Issue

10 Reasons Why Sloth Bears Are The Cutest

Disclosure: One Green Planet accepts advertising, sponsorship, affiliate links and other forms of compensation, which may or may not influence the advertising content, topics or articles written on this site. Click here for more information.

0 comments on “The Barbaric Tradition of ‘Breaking the Spirit’ of Elephants for Their Use in the Tourism Industry”

Click to add comment
charlsie lyon
3 Years Ago

what kind of sick mind can enjoy seeing or causing pain to an animal who doesn\'t understand what is happening to them. These monster people should be rounded up and make to fight each other with an ax so they can feel macho. God sees the fall of a sparrow and He surely will remember the sicko who gets a thrill seeing an animal tortured. It makes me ill.

steve (pandaozzy)
3 Years Ago

i have never given money to anyone who uses animals. when i was a kid walking bears were common. once people stopped paying you dont see them now. continue not paying, and it WILL STOP

3 Years Ago

Hope these morons fall off those poor elephants and permanently becomes paralyzed.

I have no sympathy, respect or compassion towards my fellow "humans" who do stuff like this. Hope they burn in hell.

3 Years Ago

Can´t we start a petition on Avaaz or Change.org to stop this??

David j
3 Years Ago

These and other asian vermins shud be esterminated,,,so far the only extermination they get is via dumping plains on rivers and seas.
if you know Aian vermins and have access to cyanide poison thier drinks and food.More we kill less they commit atrocities similars to these ones.

Judy Youngman
3 Years Ago

The agony and despair in that elephant\'s eyes made me sob. Hard to believe sub-humans like those exist and I\'d like to destroy every one of them in a most painful way. Why is this allowed to happen and what can be done to help get these babies out of this hell and punish these scumbags??????

3 Years Ago


Animal Lover
04 Feb 2015

I get it. Ever notice how cruel and evil humans are the only species to do, condone, and get away with this demonic torture and abuse of innocent beings? It\'s more than fine with me if they leave this universe--those ignorant, worthless devils have no right to use our precious oxygen.

Subscribe to our Newsletter

Follow us on

Do Not Show This Again


Submit to OneGreenPlanet

Terms & Conditions ×