There are many things about turkeys that we don’t think about, besides the fact that many of them end up on the Thanksgiving dinner table. In fact, nearly 50 million turkeys are killed each year for the holiday. Here are 11 fun facts about turkeys that will show you that turkeys are in fact, intelligent creatures. Who knows, they might even travel back in time, take turkeys off the menu, and change Thanksgiving as we know it – like in the movie, “Free Birds“.

1. The color of a turkey’s head and throat will change depending on his mood.

turkey face

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Fact from Farm Sanctuary

2. A part of the turkey’s stomach, the gizzard, contains tiny stones to aid in digestion.


Source: Violeta Marculescu/Shutterstock

Fact from LiveScience

3. Turkeys form strong social bonds with their family and flock mates, sometimes traveling in the wild with groups of 200 or more.


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Fact from Farm Sanctuary

4.There are approximately 5,500 feathers on an adult wild turkey, including 18 tail feathers that make up the male’s distinct fan.


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Fact from About

5. Turkeys have great hearing, but no external ears. They have an amazing field of vision of about 270 degrees and are able to see in color.

turkey face

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Fact from Vegan Peace

6. A wild turkey’s home territory often exceeds 1,000 acres, and they have an incredible knack for remembering locations, even after a year of separation.

wild turkey

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Fact from Farm Sanctuary

7. Wild turkeys sleep in trees away from predators – this is natural roosting behavior that even domesticated turkeys will try to do.

turkey in tree


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Fact from Live Science

8. A wild turkey’s gobble can be heard up to one mile away.


Source: Yathin S Krishnappa/Wikimedia Commons

Fact from About

9. Wild turkeys can run at speeds of up to 25 miles per hour and fly as fast as 55 miles per hour.

turkey spreading wings

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Fact from the Smithsonian

10. A turkey’s gender can be determined from its droppings — males produce spiral-shaped poop while females produce “J” shaped poop.

female turkey

Source: James.Pintar/Shutterstock

Fact from the Smithsonian.

11. Ben Franklin wanted the turkey, rather than the bald eagle, to be the national bird of the United States.


Source: Nataly Studio/Shutterstock

In a letter to his daughter, Franklin wrote, “For the Truth the Turkey is in Comparison a much more respectable Bird, and withal a true original Native of America . . . He is besides, though a little vain & silly, a Bird of Courage, and would not hesitate to attack a Grenadier of the British Guards who should presume to invade his Farm Yard with a red Coat on.”

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