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Mária Telkes, the Hungarian American biophysicist who is considered the founding mother of solar power, may not be a household name, but she should be. Despite dedicating her life to solar technology, her contributions are largely forgotten today. However, a new documentary, “The Sun Queen,” premiering on PBS’s “American Experience,” aims to shine a light on her incredible life and groundbreaking work.

Source: PBS/Youtube

The film chronicles Telkes’s journey from her origins in Hungary to her research work at Westinghouse, MIT, and beyond, showing the many obstacles she faced as a woman in science in mid-20th-century America. Despite inventing a way to use the sun’s rays to desalinate water during World War II, manufacturing issues and office politics stymied her project. Telkes also faced sexism, infighting, and public scrutiny of her looks, making it difficult for her to gain Support for her inventions.

However, Telkes persisted, and her work on the 1948 Dover Sun House, a solar-heated model home created by an all-female team, gained national prominence. Her use of chemical salts that absorbed and released heat was revolutionary, and the house’s ultramodern design was a feat of engineering. Although the project failed after a few years, it was a groundbreaking, clean-energy prototype that set the stage for future solar technology advancements.

The documentary skillfully navigates Telkes’s scientific achievements and the challenges she faced as a woman in a male-dominated field. It is a reminder of the importance of celebrating and honoring the contributions of women in science and technology.

Furthermore, Telkes’s story is a testament to the potential of solar energy and the need to prioritize clean, renewable energy sources. Had Telkes been able to reach her full potential and had the United States been more committed to solar energy in the mid-20th century, the world might have more advanced solar technologies today.

As viewers watch “The Sun Queen” and learn more about Telkes’s life and work, it is essential to consider the role we can all play in supporting clean energy and promoting the contributions of women in science and technology. By supporting research and development in renewable energy and advocating for policies that prioritize clean energy, we can help ensure a sustainable future for all.

“The Sun Queen” is a powerful reminder of the incredible contributions of Mária Telkes to the field of solar energy and the challenges faced by women in science and technology. Let us honor her legacy by supporting clean energy initiatives and advocating for the contributions of women in science and technology.

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