For those who aren’t familiar with moussaka, some compare it to a Greek version of lasagna. The difference is that you use loads of fresh sliced vegetables to replace the noodles. Moussaka is a really nice comfort food of Mediterranean cuisine, and if you love Mediterranean food then this is a must.
Moussaka with Eggplant and Lentils [Vegan]
- 2 medium-eggplants sliced in 1/2 inch thick rounds
- 1 cup dried French lentils soaked overnight in filtered water
- 2 tablespoons extra virgin coconut or olive oil
- 1 medium sweet onion chopped
- 2 garlic cloves crushed + skins removed
- 2 medium carrots diced
- 3 cups crimini mushrooms sliced
- sea salt to taste (we used 1.5 tsp)
- freshly ground black pepper
- 3 tsp Mediterranean herbs 1 tsp each fresh or dried thyme, oregano, marjoram
- 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
- 1/4 cup raw sunflower seeds
- 2 tablespoons oat flakes
- 5 large Roma tomatoes blended in a high-speed blender into a puree (or 1 28 oz can crushed tomatoes)
- 1/4 cup chopped parsley chopped + extra for garnish (optional)
- 4 medium sweet potatoes - peeled and quartered
- 1 tablespoon extra virgin olive oil
- 1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg
To Prep for the Recipe:
- Sprinkle the slices of eggplant with salt, and let sit for at least half an hour. Eggplant will start to release liquid ( making it less bitter). Rinse off the salt and pat dry
- Preheat oven to 400F. Line 2 large cookie sheets with unbleached parchment paper and arrange the eggplant slices on the baking sheets in a single layer.
- Roast in a 400 F oven for about 20 minutes, flip the slices and roast for another 10 minutes, until silky. Set aside. Lower the oven temperature to 375° F.
While Eggplant is Roasting -Make the Lentil Sauce:
- Drain and rinse the lentils. Cover them with clean water in a medium pot, and bring to a boil over high heat. Reduce the heat to a simmer and cook, covered, for 10-15 minutes or until tender, but not mushy. Drain over a strainer and set aside.
- Saute diced onion in oil on med-high heat for 3-4 minutes, add garlic, turn heat down to med-low and saute for 8-10 minutes until onions are tender. Add diced carrots, mushrooms, and sauté another 4-5 min. Add salt, pepper, Mediterranean herbs, cinnamon, lentils, sunflower seeds, oats and tomato puree, and chopped fresh parsley. Stir and cover and let simmer on med-low heat for 15 minutes. Simmer on medium to low, for about 15 minutes.
Make the Topping:
- Place the sweet potatoes in the same pot you used to cook the lentils, cover with purified water and bring to a boil over high heat.
- Reduce the heat to a simmer and cook until soft throughout. Add salt at the end, then drain. Place the potatoes into a high-speed blender or food processor. Blend them with 1 Tablespoon of olive oil, black pepper and nutmeg, until smooth. Taste for salt and adjust if needed. Set aside
- Arrange half of the eggplant slices on the bottom of a 9" x 9" baking dish. Top with half of the lentil mixture, followed by the remaining eggplant slices and lentils. Using a spatula spread the mashed sweet potatoes on top, creating an evenly smooth layer.
- Bake for 35-40 minutes. Remove from the oven, let stand 10 minutes before slicing.
- Sprinkle with fresh parsley and serve.
Reserve this recipe for a day in which you have a liberal amount of time. It is perfect for Sunday dinner. You can make this one day ahead and refrigerate before baking. You can also freeze any leftovers. One important step in the recipe calls for salting or “degorging” the eggplant. Do not be tempted to skip this. It helps remove some of the bitterness, especially found in larger eggplants that have a lot of seeds ( where most of the bitterness is) by drawing out the bitter moisture. A very important step that some forget to do is roast the eggplant. This is a must! You can also grill it, if easier, but please, whatever you do, don’t put raw eggplant into the mousaka, it won’t have the texture or depth it needs!