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Niacin, nicotinamide, and nicotinamide riboside are three forms of vitamin B3, each with unique characteristics and roles in the body. While they share similarities, such as their ability to Support NAD+ production, understanding their differences and benefits can help individuals make informed choices regarding their health and supplementation.


Niacin, also known as vitamin B3 or nicotinic acid, is an essential nutrient involved in various metabolic processes. It is commonly used to:

  1. Cholesterol Management: Niacin can help increase levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, often referred to as “good” cholesterol, and lower levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, often known as “bad” cholesterol.
  2. Cardiovascular Health: By improving lipid profiles, niacin may Support overall cardiovascular health and reduce the risk of heart disease.
  3. Energy Production: Niacin plays a crucial role in converting food into energy by assisting in the breakdown of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
  4. Skin Health: Niacin can enhance the barrier function of the skin and may be beneficial for conditions like acne and rosacea.

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Nicotinamide, also known as niacinamide, is another form of vitamin B3 that offers distinct benefits. It is commonly used for:

  1. Skin Health: Nicotinamide has anti-inflammatory properties and may help manage acne, rosacea, and other inflammatory skin conditions.
  2. Age-related Cognitive Decline: Some research suggests that nicotinamide may Support brain health and potentially slow down age-related cognitive decline.
  3. DNA Repair: Nicotinamide plays a role in DNA repair mechanisms, helping to maintain genomic stability and prevent DNA damage.
  4. Immune Function: Nicotinamide is involved in immune cell functions and may Support a healthy immune response.

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Nicotinamide Riboside

Nicotinamide riboside (NR) is a unique form of vitamin B3 that acts as a precursor to NAD+. It is commonly used for:

  1. NAD+ Production: NR is converted to NAD+ in the body and can help boost NAD+ levels, which decline with age. Increased NAD+ levels Support various cellular processes, including energy production, DNA repair, and gene expression.
  2. Mitochondrial Function: NR has been shown to enhance mitochondrial function, which is crucial for cellular energy production and overall health.
  3. Anti-Aging Effects: By supporting NAD+ levels, NR may have potential anti-aging effects and promote healthy aging.
  4. Exercise Performance: Some studies suggest that NR supplementation may improve exercise performance and recovery.

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Niacin, nicotinamide, and nicotinamide riboside are three forms of vitamin B3 with distinct characteristics and benefits. Niacin is commonly used for cholesterol management, cardiovascular health, energy production, and skin health. Nicotinamide offers advantages for skin health, age-related cognitive decline, DNA repair, and immune function. Nicotinamide riboside, as an NAD+ precursor, supports NAD+ production, mitochondrial function, anti-aging effects, and exercise performance. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional before adding any supplements to your routine to ensure personalized guidance and safety.

You can find B3 in food. Download the Food Monster App for B3-rich recipes. 

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