As reported by The New York Times, a giant high-tech greenhouse resides in the town of Morehead, Kentucky changing the world of growing food. Three million pounds of beefsteak tomatoes, along with thousands of other kinds of beautiful grown tomatoes are growing without absolutely no soil. 

A similar sight can be seen in Kearny, New Jersey at Bowery, where baby butterhead letters are being tended to in a windowless vertical farm. They are all stacked on top of each other on trays. You would never believe plants would survive in an environment like they do, but they are thriving. 

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According to The New York Times, hydroponic farms “create precise growing conditions using technological advances like machine-learning algorithms, data analytics and proprietary software systems to coax customized flavors and textures from fruits and vegetables.” The right technology is essential, but the location of the farm, which used to be the most important part of farming, is far less important. 

While these vertical farms offer solutions to climate change impacting agricultural industries, they use an incredible amount of electricity, and Vermont farmer and executive director of the Real Organic Project is concerned more people are in it for the money, rather than the nutrient-dense food these farms produce. 

Companies are popping up around the United States, with more planning to be built by 2025. Farmers now wear lab coats and spend their days on computers, rather than in the sun in fields. 

Irving Fain, the founder and chief executive of Bowery said that their vertical hydroponic farms, compared to traditional farms, are 100 times more productive and use 95 percent less water. The flexibility of the farm’s location also means that food, especially delicate food like lettuce, can be more fresh, better quality, and more nutritional. 

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