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Despite the fact that nearly 62 percent of Americans have a pet, there are still more than 70 million homeless dogs and cats living in the U.S. Of these 70 million needy animals, only around six to eight million enter shelters each year. Although they only take in a fraction of America’s homeless animals, these shelters are mostly packed to capacity and strapped trying to function with limited funds. Yet, regardless of this wealth of pets looking for loving homes, only around 20 percent of Americans adopt their dogs from shelters.

So where are the other 74 percent coming from? Well, breeders.

You can find virtually any breed of animal in your local shelter – purebred or mixed – but consumers continue to pay hundreds, sometimes thousands, of dollars for dogs from breeders.

Some believe that by purchasing their dogs from a special breeder they will somehow be getting a “superior” pet, however, not only is this false but there are a number of other reasons that breeding dogs is irresponsible and harmful no matter how good their reputation may be.

The Myth of Purebred Superiority

Consumers looking for a new family pet are willing to pay exorbitant amounts for a purebred dog because they’re told that the puppy has been raised in a loving environment and will grow up to have a friendly disposition with minimal health problems.

However, there is no way to really tell because in many cases, it’s dependent on the individual dog. While there may be breeders that take precaution to avoid inbreeding (which often leads to significant health issues), and are selective with the dogs they do breed, making sure to raise them in loving environments, there is no definitive “rule” that guarantees these animals won’t suffer from health or behavioral problems early or later on.

You can never forget that breeders are still trying to run a business at the end of the day, so it is only in their best interest to advertise the benefits to owning a purebred, and even perpetuating the myth that certain positive attributes cannot be found in shelter dogs. Ironically, the Humane Society estimates that 25 percent of dogs in shelters are purebred.

What Distinguishes a “Reputable” Breeder

Now, when we refer to “reputable” breeders, it’s merely to differentiate between those that breed their animals “responsibly,” and those that don’t. A lot of consumers don’t do research prior to purchasing their new four-legged family member, and as a result, end up buying their new best friend from cruel puppy mills. Others rely on the American Kennel Club’s (AKC) inspection certification to ensure that the dogs they purchase are both purebred and don’t come from an abusive background. However, an exposé into the AKC’s inspection program revealed that many of these certified breeders subject their dogs to puppy mill-like conditions as well.

Although the AKC is considered the highest authority on purebred dog standards, Ed Sayer’s, the President of the ASPCA, stated in the New York Times that a number of the raids his organization has carried out involved commercial breeding facilities that were registered with the AKC.

Many puppies who come from puppy mills suffer from serious health problems as a result of reckless breeding. For example, the New York Times highlighted the story of one woman who purchased a puppy from an AKC breeder only to find out the puppy suffered from a number of abnormalities as a result of reckless breeding practices; the breeder had passed AKC’s inspection only two weeks prior. Two months later the facility was raided and all of the dogs were removed from the breeding facility.

When a representative from the AKC was questioned as to just how many breeders have AKC registered dogs in the country, they admitted that they did not have those figures. While the AKC may not believe they’re responsible for all breeders, their approval of these substandard facilities is deceiving to consumers and frankly, they should be held accountable for the breeders they certify.

The Question of Overpopulation

Reputable breeders have a passion for breeding dogs and many do genuinely love the animals they care for, but that does not address the very real problem of what breeding pets does to the existing pet overpopulation problem.

According to the ASPCA, 1.2 million dogs are euthanized in shelters every year because of lack of space, resources, and people who are willing to adopt these animals. No matter how you look at the issue, the idea of producing more dogs to meet the “demands” of people who are willing to pay thousands of dollars for a purebred pup while there are hundreds of thousands of purebred dogs waiting in overcrowded shelters is incredibly irresponsible.

The fact is, all dogs deserve a loving home, but when these dogs become commodities who are bred for profit, it doesn’t matter how well-meaning or qualified the breeders are. If we wish to put an end to the gross pet overpopulation problem and provide loving forever homes for dogs who truly need it, there is no real justification for the perpetuation of dog breeding.

So please, be a Green Monster and always adopt, don’t shop!

Image source: Wikimedia Commons

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317 comments on “Why Breeding Dogs is a Problem, Even if the Breeder is ‘Reputable’”

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4 Days ago

I wholeheartedly agree that the AKC needs to be WAY better at a lot of things, but especially living up to it\'s motto of being "The Dog\'s Champion" because right now they are proving that all they care about is the $ that comes from registering litters. So the problem I have with this article is that it qualifies a "responsible or reputable breeder" as any breeder who has their dogs registered with the AKC. Which is absolutely not true, there are many "backyard breeders" and "commercial breeders" as well as "Puppy Mills" whose dogs are registered with the AKC. A "responsible" breeder breeds to improve the health and overall quality of their breed and often times loses money doing so, they do extensive yearly health screenings on their dogs, require spaying and neutering of their puppies that are not to be used in their breeding program and individually place their dogs with carefully screened families who are the most likely candidate to give that puppy a wonderful forever home. They also will take back any dog at any age who for any reason is not wanted by the adopting family anymore. They warn potential adopters about the drawbacks and difficult traits of their breed. Almost all of them, if not all of them, also contribute greatly to rescuing dogs...especially those of their breed, but many participate in rescues of any breed or mixed breed dogs. Lets learn to define what a reputable breeder is and demand that ANY breeder be a reputable one. P.S. no, I am not a breeder.

Russell Van
2 Months Ago

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2 Months Ago

Wow, so many of these comments are spam, lol.

I just wanted to say that the general argument against breeding dogs can apply to children. When there are so many children, (especially worldwide,) that have no one to take care of them, how can people justify breeding more? Wouldn\'t that also be "incredibly irresponsible?"

Honestly, I kind of feel that way, but I know that most people would think it\'s ridiculous. So it\'s not fair to shame people into adopting a stray when what they really want is a pure bread puppy. Just like it\'s not fair to shame someone into adopting a child when what they really want is a child they made themselves.

4 Months Ago

I\'m Canadian, and I went to multiple shelters before buying my dog. I don\'t know how it is in other countries, but it\'s harder to find dogs at shelters here; there aren\'t many strays. We considered adopting from the U.S., but I don\'t like the idea of putting a small puppy on a plane. I ended up buying a puppy from a breeder, after many visits to the farm until she was old enough. I\'m making this comment to see if there was a better option, or if there\'s something I should be wary of I ever buy a dog again?

Border Collie
4 Months Ago

Nice article but... your still an undesirable bitch to a lot of people.

14 Nov 2017

Woah man woah

14 Nov 2017

Bit mean...

14 Nov 2017

Watch your languadge

Kermit The Frog
14 Nov 2017


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