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Dogs and cats are by far the most loved animals across the board, receiving much more attention than other domestic animals like cows, pigs, chickens, ducks, geese and turkeys.

The main reason for this is because we usually identify one group as friends and the other as food, even though both are comprised of highly sentient, intelligent and playful beings.

But this post isn’t about arguing why we pay more attention to one than the other (because, truly, we should be paying attention to both groups, not just one – and don’t forget about wildlife, too!).

What this post is really about is exposing the hard truth: that despite how much we love dogs and cats, there is still a huge pet homelessness problem in the U.S. Cruelty and neglect aside, this is perhaps the biggest issue in the companion animal world that can actually be solved.

While a number of U.S. residents already opt to adopt rather than shop for their feline and canine companions, a large majority still choose to go for the breeder-bred animal, whether full bred or a designer mix.

This demand is what fuels the growth of cruel puppy mill operations, which pump out puppy after puppy, many with medical problems, simply for profit.

Yes, it’s true – not all dogs and cats in pet stores and for sale elsewhere come from these sorts of situations. There are in fact plenty of honorable dog and cat breeders out there.

However, the tragedy is that there are millions of homeless dogs and cats in the U.S. with millions euthanized every single year. So the question remains: why are we producing more dogs and cats when there are already so many wonderful animals in desperate need of homes?

Let’s dig in to some of the cold, hard facts on pet homelessness, shall we?

  1. There are about 70 million stray animals living in the U.S.
  2. Of this 70 million, only about six to eight million cats and dogs enter the nation’s 3,500 shelters every year, according to the Humane Society of the United States.
  3. That evens out to about five homeless animals for every homeless person in the U.S, reports DoSomething.org.
  4. Out of six to eight million cats and dogs, one in four animals brought into shelters are pit bulls or pit-associated breeds and mixes – currently the most (wrongly) marginalized dogs in the U.S. and many other parts of the world.
  5. The two main reasons animals end up in shelters are because they’ve either been surrendered by their guardians or picked up off the street by animal control officers.
  6. Around 10 percent of animals entering shelters have been spayed or neutered, which is problematic considering in just six years, one un-spayed female dog and her offspring can create 67,000 dogs and one un-spayed female cat and her offspring can produce 420,000 kittens in seven years, reports Watatuga Humane Society.
  7. About 30 percent of shelter dogs are eventually reclaimed by their guardians, with cats far behind at only 2 to 5 percent.
  8. What’s more, only about three to four million cats and dogs are adopted from shelters each year.
  9. Know what this means? Nearly half of all animals that arrive in U.S. shelters are euthanized because there is a lack of space and adopters, amounting to roughly 2.7 million dead animals every year or five out of every ten dogs and seven out of every ten cats – that’s like 80,000 animals per week.
  10. Five out of every ten shelter dogs each year amounts to about 5,500 euthanized dogs every day.
  11. Of all the dogs that enter the shelter system, pit bull types have it the worst with a shockingly high euthanasia rate of 93 percent.
  12. To pay for all of this – the impoundment, sheltering, euthanasia and subsequent disposal of homeless animals – U.S. taxpayers shell out between one to two billion dollars annually.

What this fact breakdown ultimately reveals is that (1) breeding animals for the sake of profit or simply because someone “wants” a certain type of dog is highly unnecessary and unsustainable – there are clearly plenty of dogs and cats awaiting homes — and (2) that the power to change these statistics is in our hands.

We can say no to pet stores and “pet for sale” ads and instead chose adoption as the one and only route to take. We can spay and neuter our adopted companion animals to ensure that they will not contribute to the influx of animals in shelters (check out Spay USA for low-cost spay/neuter clinics in your area).

We can also enact change at all levels of our society from the local level (no kill, spay and neuter, and trap-neuter-release programs, anyone?) all the way up to the state and national level by calling on our elected officials to hold irresponsible pet guardians and pet breeders accountable and to put measures into place that would phase in the choice of shelter and rescue adoption over pet purchase, like Pheonix, Ariz. recently did by banning the sale of dogs and cats in pet stores.

We can make sure that no cat or dog becomes a heartbreaking statistic ever again – we need only step up to the plate and never back down.

Image source: r.f.m ll / Flickr

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32 comments on “12 Alarming Facts About Pet Homelessness”

Click to add comment
1 Months Ago

Homeless animals are the best! See, how much love can you get from homeless kitten - https://youtu.be/4mT2xPMzZJg!

6 Months Ago


6 Months Ago

animals are dieing it is very sad

7 Months Ago


Tania Gerstenberger
2 Years Ago

Hello, could you please tell me where you are getting these stats? My boss (who is a breeder) feels there are very few homeless dogs in the US and doesn\'t believe stats. So...if you could tell me where you are getting yours, perhaps I can convince her that they are true. Thank you!

Lorraine Rainey Stofa
3 Years Ago

Yes... Why! ? Same in CANADA ! :-

27 Mar 2015

The #1 reason for so much pet homelessness is that the number of people who have to give up their adult dog is larger than the number of people who want to adopt an adult dog.

I volunteer at a shelter, and every single puppy gets adopted right away. This isn\'t the case for adult dogs.

There should be more emphasis placed on adopting ADULT dogs. Saying "spay and neuter" can just create more business for puppy mills if everyone keeps trying to adopt puppies. The amount of puppies bred will continue to follow the law of supply and demand.

30 Apr 2015

Rivka - Idon\'t know where you are getting your info, but try Lancaster, CA, where puppies are euthanized EVERY day! Same with San Bernadino Devore, et. As someone who works at a shelter, you are putting out false info that is misleading to the pubic. We want to help dogs, not make people think there isn\'t an issue.

Alexandra Blatakova
3 Years Ago

It is horrible and very sad. Dog is such a beautiful soul. Why people are doing all these horrible things on this planet ?

27 Nov 2016

Its so very sad you need to take grammar classes in the 1st grade

Jeannie Terry
3 Years Ago

Very sad fact. Please spay and neuter your pets.

01 Apr 2015


09 Jul 2016

Do the police ASK people to drive slower? Does the IRS ASK you to pay your taxes? Does the school district ASK you to attend classes? The SHELTERS cost taxpayers over $2 BILLION dollars a year. People don\'t take seriously the REQUEST to spay and neuter and, because of this, shelters are overflowing and entire litters are being PTS. For the time being, UNLICENSED BREEDERS need to be FINED for breeding animals and REPUTABLE BREEDERS need to be held accountable for the dogs they breed. They should have to take them back and rehome them when there is an issue -- including payment for this from people who adopt and then abandon their animals. This is called a CONTRACT, it makes accountability a LEGAL OBLIGATION and it WORKS.

Joy Lincke
3 Years Ago

Adopt! I hate hearing people talk about their special dog breed. It means another puppy mill and they expect everyone to think they are so special because they have a certain do g breed. How f ingq narcissistic can you be. Think outside yourself human, shit!

Thomas Boyer
3 Years Ago

So many dogs that need a home.


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